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Simultaneous and common-volume three-lidar observations of sporadic metal layers in the mesopause region

  • [设施]:子午工程
  • [期刊/会议名称]:Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  • [摘要]:We report on the first simultaneous three-lidar observations of sporadic metal layers in the mesopause region. The case studies indicate that the sporadic layering events can be observed generally in three neutral metal atom species (Na, Fe and Ca) or two neutral atom and one ion species (Na, Fe and Ca +). The density enhancements of all the sporadic metal atom and ion species occurred in overlapping altitude range and moved following almost the same track, indicating that the sporadic metal layers are usually a mixture of multiple metal atom and ion species, meanwhile suggesting that all these metal species in a mixture are product of the same or similar source processes. Some strong multi-metal sporadic layering events were found to manifest a regular altitude relation that the Na s is highest, the Fe s is a few to tens of hundreds of meters lower than the Na s, while the Ca s is a few hundred meters lower than the Fe s, and the Ca s+ is lowest. This altitude sequence coincides well with the boiling-point dependent differential ablation in the thermal ablation theory. For those weak multi-metal sporadic events, the altitude relation becomes complicated. Profiles from two short sequences of a single night show that the formation/variation of the Ca s+ layer features appeared to follow the related Na s and Fe s layer features with a delayed period of ~5 min. At altitudes above 105 km, weak single-species Ca s+ layers were occasionally observed. This appears to reflect a feature of the sputtering ablation. For the explanation of our observations the formation mechanism issues of sporadic metal layers are discussed in detail.[All rights reserved Elsevier].
  • [发表日期]:2013
  • [第一作者]:Yi, F.
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  • [论文类型]:期刊
  • [期刊分类]:METEOROLOGY & ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES(SCI3区)
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  • [影响因子]:1.474
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