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Characteristics of the cultivable bacteria from sediments associated with two deep-sea hydrothermal vents in Okinawa Trough

  • [设施]:“科学”号海洋科学综合考察船
  • [期刊/会议名称]:WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • [摘要]:In this study, different culture-dependent methods were used to examine the cultivable heterotrophic bacteria in the sediments associated with two deep-sea hydrothermal vents (named HV1 and HV2) located at Iheya Ridge and Iheya North in Okinawa Trough. The two vents differed in morphology, with HV1 exhibiting diffuse flows while HV2 being a black smoker with a chimney-like structure. A total of 213 isolates were identified by near full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Of these isolates, 128 were from HV1 and 85 were from HV2. The bacterial community structures were, in large parts, similar between HV1 and HV2. Nevertheless, differences between HV1 and HV2 were observed in one phylum, one class, 4 orders, 10 families, and 20 genera. Bioactivity analysis revealed that 25 isolates belonging to 9 different genera exhibited extracellular protease activities, 21 isolates from 11 genera exhibited extracellular lipase activities, and 13 isolates of 8 genera displayed antimicrobial activities. This is the first observation of a large population of bacteria with extracellular bioactivities existing in deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Taken together, the results of this study provide new insights into the characteristics of the cultivable heterotrophic bacteria in deep-sea hydrothermal ecosystems.
  • [发表日期]:2015
  • [第一作者]:Sun Qing lei
  • [第一作者单位]:中国科学院海洋研究所
  • [通讯作者]:Sun Li
  • [通讯作者单位]:中国科学院海洋研究所
  • [论文类型]:null
  • [期刊分类]:SCI3区
  • [学科分类]:微生物学
  • [影响因子]:1.686
  • [关键词]:Deep-sea hydrothermal vent; Sediment; Cultivable bacteria; Lipase; Protease; Antimicrobial
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