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Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics,CAS

Contact: Li Honghong

Phone: +86 21-33933039

Email: ssrf-user@sinap.ac.cn

Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF)
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      Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) is one of the advanced third generation light sources in the world, and it supports and pushes the cutting-edge scientific research and the innovation in China.Since commencing operation in May 2009 the SSRF has provided bright x-ray beams to more than 10000 users from both Chinese and international universities, institutes, hospitals and high-tech companies.
      The facility has supported multiple scientific researches and industrial development, including biology, physics, material science,chemistry, environmental science, archeology, biomedical applications, medicine and drug development, etc.Over 1900 publications have been generated based on the experiments conducted at the SSRF.
      The SSRF is also actively involved in the training and education of our next generation of scientists and engineers.The SSRF is committed to upgrading its capacity and strengthening its contribution to the cutting edge of modern science.

Equipment

  • Ambient pressure X-ray Photoneltron spectrascopy

          A new ambient pressure photoelectron spectroscopy (APPES) instrument has been installed at beamline 02B of Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation (SSRF). BL02B is a bending magnet beamline and has the photon energy ranging from 40 to 2000 eV, which has two branches. The APXPS system was equiped with an analyser of Scienta Omicron HIPP-3, which could be used in spatial mode. The new APPES instrument can measure samples at near ambient pressure up to 20 mbar. The new system owns the ability of spatia resolution up to 7.5 µm on spatial mode. Also, the APXPS system is collected with a multifunctional preparation chamber, which could be used for sample growth (evaporator), sample cleaning (Argon sputtering gun) and sample charaterization (LEED system).

  • Photon in Photon out End-station

          BL02B is a bending magnet beamline and has the photon energy ranging from 40 to 2000eV, which has two branches of APPES and PIPOS endstation.

  • High-resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy

          The high-resolution ARPES experimental station (BL03U) uses the high-resolution, high-brightness vacuum ultraviolet beam of Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facitity (one of the best performing synchrotron radiations in the world) and tunable deep-UV solid-state laser source, and the independently developed internationally advanced sub femtosecond ultrashort second light source, overcomes the limitations of traditional electronic structure research in detecting depth, vertical momentum resolution and time resolution, which greatly improves the research capability and efficiency of the platform. Moreover, the platform integrates ARPES,MBE and STM, which makes up for the shortage of traditional electronic structure research in samples and improves the power of material control. Energy resolution of the BL03U platform: ~1 meV (photoemission spectroscopy), momentum resolution: ~0.003 Å-1, time resolution: ~10-16 s, which is at the international advanced level.

  • BL08U1-A Soft X-ray Spectromicroscopy Beamline

          X-ray spectromicroscopy is a technique for high brilliant tunable synchrotron radiation, which could combine the two important functions such as the sub-50 nm resolving ability in space determined by the zone plate, and the chemical distinguishing ability determined by the beamline monochromator via NEXAFS spectroscopy. The photon energy of BL08U1-A was range from 250 to 2000 eV, covering the K-edge of C, N, O, F, Na, Mg, Al, Si, and L edges of Cl, K, Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn. The study of these elements is very important in biological science, environmental science, polymer, and material science. In addition, the light source was finally decided by an elliptical polarized undulator, which would add more opportunities to study x-ray-polarization-dependent materials.

  • BL08U1-B Soft X-ray Interference Lithography (XIL) Beamline

          Soft-X ray interference lithography (XIL) is a newly developed technique for production of periodic nano-structures with resolution below 100 nm. The technique is based on coherent radiation obtained from undulators at synchrotron radiation (85-150 eV). Because of its small wavelength (typical value: 13.4 nm) and practical absence of the proximity effect, high density resolution lines/dots with high density can be afforded. The throughput of this parallel exposing method is much higher than that of the serial electron-beam lithography. Interference schemes based on diffraction (gratings) optics have been constructed at BL08U1-B beamline in SSRF. Both one-dimensional and two-dimensional patterns such as arrays of dots have been achieved. XIL is used in a growing number of applications; examples include fabrication of self-assembly templates, magnetic nano-dot arrays and nano-optical components.

  • BL09U X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy and Microscopy Beamline

          1. Introduction
           The X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy and MicroscopyBeamline(Dreamline) provides a state-of-the-art experimental set-up to study the electronic band structure of novel complex materials and the surfaces and interfaces of solid-state materialsby using Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopies (ARPES) and Photoemission Electron Microscopies (PEEM). The beamline was built with two APPLE-II type undulators(LEID and HEID) and produces a broad energy range from 20 to 2000 eV with high resolution, variable polarization, and high flux, as well as the minimized higher orders harmonics for the low energy photons. Due to this unique Duo-undulator technique, Dreamline provides an ideal platform for investigating the materials that has distinctproperties from the bulk to the surface.
          2. Beamline Layout
          Beamlie layout
          Optics
          3.Techniques
          ARPES End-station
          • UVU ARPES
          • Soft X-rayARPES
          • Resonant X-ray ARPES
          • MBE
          XPEEM End-station
          • Bright & dark field LEEM
          • MEM
          • UV-PEEM
          • X-ray PEEM
          • LEED
          • Spectroscopy
          4. Endstations
          ARPES End-station
          
           The end-station isequippedwith a DA30L analyzer with the updated deflection mode capable for taking Fermi surface with high efficiency, and a 6-axis cryogenic manipulatorCarving®providing 3 translation and 3 rotation degree of freedom.This very solid and stable manipulator enables precise sample manipulating controlled by a sophisticateLabview-based software. The endstation also contains a load-lock with 6 parking position available, a transfer chamber providingAr-sputtering, a preparation chamber equipped with a LEED and a K-cell, and a magnetic shielded main acquisition chamber. Besides, the endstation has a MBE, which can be used for in-situ growing and photoemission studies forFe(TeSe) thin films.
           The specification of the station is listed as below:
           Eoptimal = 5 meV @ 20 eV, 21 meV @ 400 eV
           Base temperature Tbase= 12 K (Carving) / 7 K (4-axis Manipulator)
           Samples preparation: Ar-sputtering, annealing up to 1000℃,K-cell evaporators
           In-situ Fe(TeSe) growth and characterization (MBE )
          XPEEM End-station
           The instrument allows to image samples using the photoelectric effect with very high spatial resolution, chemical and magnetic sensitivity. With an energy analyzer the excited photoelectrons can be energy-selected. In addition to illumination by X-rays, illumination by low energy electrons is possible. In this low energy electron microscopy (LEEM) mode additional contrast mechanisms are available.
          The special/energy resolution data:
           LEEM/PEEM: Field of view: 0.65-100um
           Typical lateral resolution:
           LEEM imaging: ~ 3nm
           PEEM imaging: UV lamp: ~6nm
           X ray: ~ 20nm
           Energy resolution: ~0.15eV
           Ion gun: sputter and clean sample surface
           Femtosecond laser: 800nm and 400nm wavelength
           Mercury lamp: photon 4. 9eV
           Gas: O2, Ar, etc.
           K-cell and E-beam evaporators: in situ growth and observation
          5. Support Facilities
          Glove Box: AUnilab Pro SP(1250/1000) glove box is available for preparing and storing air-sensitive samples
          6. Beamline Specifications
          Energy range 20-200 eV(LEID),200-2000 eV(HEID)
          Resolving power 35000 @ 867 eV
          Polarization Linear Horizontal, Linear Vertical,Circular Left/Right
          Flux on sample 3.5×1011 phs/s/0.01% BW @ 800eV
          Beam spot 20 m×30 m
          7. Applications
          8. Contact
          Yaobo Huang
          huangyaobo@sinap.ac.cn
          +86(0) 21 3393 3224

  • BL13W1 X-ray Imaging and Biomedical Applications Beamline

          1. Introduction
          Since May 6, 2009, SSRF X-ray Imaging and Biomedical Application Beamline (BL13W1) has been put into operation and formally opened to users. BL13W1 is composed of a 1.9 Tesla wiggler, 6 set of filters for high heat load reducing, and double crystal monochromator cooled with liquid nitrogen. The monochromator can work well at the photon energy range of 8-72.5keV. Up to now, the filters and the monochromator could work well at 200mA, 3.5GeV and 17mm wiggler gap. At the end station, three sets of digital X-ray detectors are employed with the pixel size range from 0.37 to 13 micrometers. Imaging methods of microscopic computer tomography (micro-CT), in-line phase contrast imaging (IL-PCI) and X-ray fluorescence imaging could be provided for scientific researches on high Z and low Z samples in field of biomedical, material, archaeology, environmental science and so on. Spatial resolution of 0.8μm and time resolution of 1ms could be achieved. For X-ray fluorescence imaging, the minimal beam size is 30μm.
           2. Scientific case
          Soft tissues and low Z materials
          Low dose, Nondestructive, High resolution, Dynamic and 3-dimensional X-ray Imaging for the inner microstructure
          Paleontology, archaeology and geology
          Nondestructive, High resolution, 3-dimensional X-ray Imaging for the inner microstructure
           3. Imaging techniques
          Absorption-contrast Imaging: Dynamic Imaging; Microscopic Computer Tomography
          In-line Phase-contrast Imaging: Dynamic Imaging; Microscopic Computer Tomography
          X-Ray Fluorescence Imaging: 2D scanning; Computer Tomography
           4. Beamline Specifications
          Unfocused monochromatic beam
          Photon energy range: 8-72.5keV
          Energy resolution (DE/E): <5×10-3
          Beam size: 45mm (H) ×5mm (V) @34m@20keV
          Flux output: 5×1010 phs/s/mm2 @ 20keV @ Si (111)
          2×108 phs/s/mm2 @ 70keV @ Si (311)

  • BL14B1 X-ray Diffraction Beamline

          The X-ray diffraction beamline (BL14B1) is one of the 7 phase I beamlines at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility. It is based on a bending magnet light source which is dedicated to x-ray diffraction studies. It has three critical components:a collimating mirror (Rh coated on Si), a sagittally focused double crystal monochromator and a focusing mirror (Rh coated on Si), which can further focus the beam to a size of 0.5 mm x 0.5 mm. The X-ray energy is from 4 ~ 22 keV.
          
           X-ray diffraction (XRD) is the coherent scattering of X-rays by atoms in the lattice. As a traditional experimental method, XRD has the strong vitality and broad applications in the frontier areas such as superconducting materials, catalyst materials, structure determination of three-dimensional biological macromolecules, drug and polymer, nano-materials, surface and interface, semiconductor superlattice, defects. BL14B1 focuses on material science, condensed matter physics fields, designs to investigate powder,

  • BL14W1 X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy (XAFS) Beamline

          Beamline BL14W1 specializes in x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS). It has been open for users since May 2009. It is tunable by two types of double crystal monochromator for covering photon energy from 4.5 keV to 50 keV. K-edge absorption of Titanium up to Lanthanum can be studies. Other heavier atomic species can be investigated via L edges. The bulk of our scientific program is in catalysis, materials science and environmental research.

  • BL15U1 Hard X-ray Micro-Focusing Beamline

          BL15U1 is a multitechnique hard X-ray microprobe beamline for the energy range 5-20 keV, combined with micro-X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF), micro-X-ray absorption (μ-XAS), and micro-X-ray diffraction (μ-XRD). The beamline has opened to user since May, 2009, and it’s being applied for a variety of scientific topics such as materials sciences, life sciences, earth and environmental sciences, and archaeology. Hard x-ray microprobe using K-B mirrors is in operation since opening, with a spatial resolution ~2 μm. A nano-focusing system by using zone-plate is developed also,with a beam size smaller than 200 nm at 10keV.

  • BL16B1 Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) Beamline

          The beamline (BL16B1) is primarily a combined small-angle and wide-angle scattering instrument. Small angle and wide angle X-ray scattering (SAXS and WAXS), when coupled with synchrotron radiation, offers research opportunities in studying the microstructure, kinetics, dynamics and rheology of complex and nanostructured materials (polymers, colloids, fluids, liquid crystals, etc) over a wide range of length (e.g., from Angstroms to microns) and time (e.g., from microseconds to hours) scales. For example, the changes in nano-, micro- and supra-molecular structures of biological and synthetic macromolecules, including ionomers, block copolymers, and dendrimers, in solution and in melts, as well as gels and colloidal systems; the kinetics of phase transition in semi-crystalline polymers, blends and nanocomposites.

  • BL17U1 Macromolecular Crystallography Beamline

          High resolution and high throughput structural determination of macromolecules and their complexes:
          l Large macromolecular assemblies
          l Membrane proteins
          l Structural genomics and Structure-based drug design

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