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Institute of High Energy Physics ,CAS

Contact: hewei

Phone: +86 10-88235027

Email: bsrfhew@ihep.ac.cn

Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility

      As a part of Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BEPC) project, Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility (BSRF) was constructed almost in parallel with BEPC and has been opened to users since 1991. After the upgrading project of BEPCII, BSRF runs in 2.5GeV full-energy injection and 250mA beam current in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation. The intensity of hard X-ray was increased one magnitude and the stability was also improved greatly.
      Currently, there are 3 experimental halls (12#, 13#, 15#), 5 insertion devices, 14 beamlines and 14 experimental stations at BSRF. The synchrotron radiation light of BSRF covers the energy from vacuum ultraviolet to hard X-ray, and supports many kinds of experimental techniques, such as X-ray topography, X-ray Imaging, Small Angle X-ray Scattering, Diffuse X-ray Scattering, Biological Macromolecule Structure, X-ray Fluorescence Analysis, X-ray Absorption Fine Structure, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Circular Dichroism Spectra, Soft X-ray Calibration, Mid-energy X-ray Optics, High Pressure Structure, X-ray Lithography, which can be applied to lots of fundamental and applied researches, such as Condensed Matter Physics, High Pressure Physics, Chemistry, Material Science, Biology, Goescience, Environmental Science, Micro-electronics, Micromachining, Metrology, Optics and Probing Technique.
      The experimental time of BSRF in the dedicated mode is at about three months per year. Additionally, ten beamlines (Medium energy X-ray, Soft X-ray, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Vacuum Ultraviolet, Small Angle X-ray Scattering, Macromolecular Crystallography, Diffuse X-ray Scattering, XAFS XRD and X-ray lithography) could also run while BEPCII was working for high energy physics, which is called as coupling mode and supplies more experimental time to users. Totally, BSRF could supply beamtime to upwards of 500 experiments for over 1000 users from more than 100 institutes and universities at home and abroad.


  • 1W1A-Diffuse X-ray Scattering Beamline

          1W1A is a diffuse X-ray scattering beamline which locates at No. 12 experimental hall of Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility (BSRF). It provides X-ray scatterings (XRS), diffraction (XRD), reflection (XRR) and standing wave (XSW) techniques to various users in scientific community of condensed matter physics and materials science. It operates at 8.05 keV and 13.9 keV with double focusing monochromatic beam. Structure characterization of thin films and crystals can be carried out on this beamline. It can run both in the dedicated mode and in the parasitic mode of Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility.
          Supported Techniques:
          • X-ray scattering (XRS): diffuse x-ray scattering (DXRS), grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS)
          • X-ray diffraction (XRD), including grazing incidence x-ray diffraction (GIXRD), wide-angle x-ray diffraction (WAXRD), reciprocal space mapping (RSM), and so on;
          • X-ray reflection (XRR): including low-angle x-ray reflectivity and extended x-ray reflection (CTR analysis)
          • X-ray standing wave (XSW)
          • Defect structure of single crystals and thin films;
          • Defects in crystal materials, thin-film materials, surface/interface of multilayer film and nano-materials .
          Detector and Sample environment devices:
          • Huber five-circle x-ray diffractometer;
          • Area detectors:Mar345 Imaging Plate, Pilatus3X 100K-A
          • Point detectors: YAP 9910, NaI(Tl) detector
          • X-ray fluorescence Silicon drift detector
          • High temperature sample environment (20~1100ºC);
          • Low temperature sample environment (-100ºC~350ºC)
          • Electric-field device: 0~50000 V
          • Magnetic-field device: 0~0.43 Tesla
          Beamline Controls and Data Acquisition:
          Linux operation system, Spec, Mar345, PyMCA
          Beamline Specs
          X-ray Source: Wiggler
          Energy Range: 8.05 keV, 13.9 keV
          Energy resolution (ΔE/E): 4.4×10-4
          Flux (photons/sec): >4×1011 @8.05 keV
          Beam Size (H×V): adjustable, typical values: 0.6 mm x 0.3 mm

  • 1W1B-XAFS Beamline

          1W1B beamline is dedicated to hard X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, located in the No. 12 experimental hall of Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility (BSRF). XAFS is a powerful technique to probe the local geometrical and electronic structure around the absorbing atoms. Its unique characteristics, including element-specificity, nanometer range, and high sensitivity, make it a versatile technique at synchrotron radiation sources, and widely used in a large number of fields including physics, chemistry, material science, geology, biology and environmental science. The energy range of 1W1B beamline is 4.5 to 25 keV, which covers the K-edge of major transition metal elements and L3-edge of lanthanide and some heavy metals. Several techniques have been established to meet specific requirements. Some in situ reaction cell can be supported for online measurement. The station could run both in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation and parasitic mode.
          Supported techniques:
          Transmission fluorescence modes (TFY and PFY)
          Extreme conditions: Low T (10K), High T (1300 K), High P (50 GPa)
          In situ solid-gas reactor
          Grazing incidence XAFS method for thin film samples
          Time-resolved quick-scanning XAFS measurement
          Lytle detector
          19-element high purity Ge solid state detector
          In-situ reaction chamber
          Beamline Specs
          Source 1.28T, 7 periods wiggler
          Energy Range 4.5-25 keV
          Resolution (ΔE/E) (1-3) ×10-4
          Flux on Sample ~6×1011 photons/s @ 10 keV
          Beam Size (H×V) 0.9mm × 0.3 mm (FWHM)
          100mm × 100mm with polycapillary focusing

  • 1W2A-SAXS beamline

          1W2A is a small angle X-ray scattering beamline, which locates at No.15 experimental hall. Multipole permanent magnetic wiggler is employed as the light source, whose brightnes is about 10000 times higher than normal X-ray apparatus. Normal SAXS, WAXS, GiSAXS, simultaneous S/WAXS models at different camer length (0.2-4.5m) can be performed to study the structures of nano-scale clusters with in 1-200nm, such as shape, particle size and distribution, molecular weight, porosity ratio, et al. A series of commercial and customized in-situ devices are available here, such as stretching devices, high and low temperature devices, time-resolved device. This beamline runs not only in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation but also in the parasitic mode.
          Supported techniques:
          Small Angle X-ray Scattering
          Wide Angle X-ray Scattering
          Grazing incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering
          Timed resolved Small Angle X-ray Scattering
          Mesoporous material
          Biological macromolecule
          High polymer
          Beamline equipments
          Small angle camera
          Detectors:Mar165 CCD;Linear-150,Curved-200
          Beamline Specs
          Source Wiggler
          Energy Range 0.154nm
          Resolution (ΔE/E) ~10-3
          Flux (photons/sec) ≥1011
          Beam Size (H´V) 1.2mm ´0.3 mm
          Angular resolution 0.5mrad

  • 1W2B-Diffraction, Spectroscopy and Time Resolution Beamline

          1W2B is a Diffraction, Spectroscopy and Time Resolution beamline and locates at No.15 experimental hall. Originally, it is a Macromolecular Crystallography beam line operating in the 5-18 keV range, with beam spot size of 1mm(H)´0.6mm(V). Recently 1W2B developed the capability of hosting X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) experiments, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments and time resolved experiments. It runs not only in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation but also in the parasitic mode.
          Transmission XAS with parallel plate ion chamber and fluorescence XAS with Lytle detector is available. Typical time for taking a XAS spectrum is 15 minutes. Quick XAS is also available, which permits several ten seconds minimum to take a spectrum. Advanced self-developed area silicon detector will be equipped in 2018 which will permit spectrum acquisition of much lower concentration samples (approximately several parts per million).
          A SAXS system was assembled in June 2016. During the dedicated beam time, we tested the setup of the system and had a trial run. The system began to host users in June 2017. The sample-to-detector distance is adjustable from 0.5 meter to 1.2 meter.
          Utilizing laser pump - X-ray probe method, pico-second resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction method were developed on 1W2B station, which have wide application prospects in photo-chemistry and photo-physics. Ultrafast X-ray absorption spectroscopy began to host users in June 2017.
          Supported techniques:
          Macromolecular crystallography
          Multi-wavelength/Single-wavelength Anomalous Dispersion
          Multiple/Single isomorphous replace
          Molecular replace
          Micromolecule crystallography
          X-ray Absorption Fine Structure
          Small angle X-ray scattering
          Wide angle X-ray scattering
          Pico-second resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction method
          Biological Macromolecular
          Organic/Inorganic micromolecule
          Beamline equipments
          Pilatus 1M detector
          Ion Chamber and Lytle detector
          Time resolved pump-probe system
          Mardtb and Mar 165 CCD
          Cryogenic Sample Changer(Marresearch, 18 samples)
          Oxford cryogenic freezing system
          Cold-light source optical microscope
          Beamline Specs
          Source Wiggler
          Energy Range 5-18 keV
          Resolution (ΔE/E) better than 4×10-4
          Flux (photons/sec) 1012
          Beam Size (H×V) 1mm×0.6 mm

  • 1B3-X-ray Lithography Beamline

          1B3 is beamline for lithography and locates at No.13 experimental hall. It provides deep X-ray lithography and nano X-ray lithography. The alternation between deep and nano X-ray lithography is achieved by a mirror with 60nm-thick chromium film. The PMMA structure as deep as 1.5mm is achieved with deep X-ray lithography mainly working at 4 keV after a 300μm-thick Be window. Hundreds of nanometer structure is achieved with nano X-ray lithography mainly working at 1.5 keV after the Cr mirror and a 0.5μm-thick Si3N4 filter. The station could run both in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation and parasitic mode.
          Supported techniques:
          deep X-ray lithography
          nano X-ray lithography
          Beamline equipments
          1000-superclean lab (300m2), 100-superclean lab (10m2)
          Ultrapure water equipment
          Rusty lab
          Minor handicraft lab
          Vacuum coating
          Plating machine
          Extreme ultra violet lithography
          Double-sided alignment lithography machine
          Reactive Ion Etching
          Scanning electron microscope
          Beamline Specs   
          Source BM
          Energy Range 1.5keV, 4 keV

  • 3W1A-Macromolecular Crystallography Beamline

          BSRF 3W1-高能测试线站位于13号厅,BSRF 3W1-高能测试线站是国内唯一一条专用的高能线站,主要承担HEPS相关工程任务项目中技术和设备的高能测试任务,也有部分机时用户接待用户实验。

  • 4W1A-X-ray Imaging Beamline

          4W1A is an X-ray Imaging beamline located at No.12 experimental hall of BSRF. It is mainly devoted to X-ray Diffraction Enhanced Imaging (DEI) and zone plate based full field Transmission X-ray Microscopy (TXM). As one type of phase contrast imaging method, DEI can get high image contrast from samples, especially for those made up of low-Z elements. The usable energy for DEI is 8~25keV with field of view about 13mm×13mm. TXM runs at large field of view (LFOV) mode and high resolution (HRES) mode at about 8keV with field of view of 65 microns and 15microns respectively. The spatial resolution capability for the instrument is a little better than 50nm with standard test sample (Siemens star pattern) at HRES mode. For real sample, the gettable spatial resolution depends on sample’s contrast. The beamline can also run at white beam mode, with which X-ray topography experiment can be carried out.
          This beamline only runs in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation.
          Research Scopes:
          1. Formation mechanism of crystal defects
          2. In-situ imaging of materials under load or heating conditions
          3. Inner structure of biomedical material and composite material
          4. Principle and method research of phase contrast imaging
          5. Research of nano-resolution three-dimensional imaging

  • 4W1B-Micro X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis Beamline

          4W1B is a X-ray fluorescence microanalysis beamline and locates at No.12 experimental hall. It is based on a hard X-ray beamline with wiggler magnet and is dedicated to X ray micro-analysis in biology and material science, and ultra-trace elemental analysis. The incident X-ray energy is monochromatized by W/B4C Double-Multilayer-Monochromator (DMM) at 15keV and is focused down to 50 μm in diameter by the polycapillary lens. The micro-X-ray fluorescence microspectroscopy and two-dimensional mapping experiments can be performed at 4W1B station. This beamline only runs in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation.
          Supported techniques:
          Micro-XRF and micro-XANES
          Grazing incidence and emergence analysis
          Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering
          Environmental science
          Beamline equipments
          Sample scanning table A, B and C
          A: translational range 60mm×60mm×25mm ; slewing angle 270°
          B: translational range 30mm×30mm×100mm ; slewing angle 360°
          C: translational range 45mm×45mm×45mm
          Si (Li) Solid State Detector and spectrometer analytical system
          Si diode detector
          Stereoscopic microscope A:magnification times-50
          Microscope B:spatial resolution-1μm,magnification times-450
          Ionization chamber beam-monitor system
          Beamline Specs
          Source Wiggler
          Focus Mode quasi monochromatic light
          Energy Range 8-15 keV
          Flux (photons/sec) >1×108@ 15keV
          Resolution (ΔE/E) <7×10-2
          Beam Size (H×V) 10μm
          Detectability Dozens of ppm
          Focus Mode monochromatic light
          Energy Range 5-18.5 keV
          Flux (photons/sec) >1×1010@ 15keV
          Resolution (ΔE/E) <5.5×10-4
          Beam Size (H×V) 30μm,50μm,100μm
          Detectability 1ppm

  • 4W2-High Pressure Beamline

          4W2 is a high pressure beamline and locates at No.12 experimental hall of BSRF. Combining with high pressure Raman spectroscopy, it is possible to study the phase transition, equation of state, melting curve, strength, elasticity and texture of materials under high temperature and high pressure. The diffraction system includes KB focusing mirrors, diamond anvil cell, sample positioning stages and 2D detector. This beamline only runs in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation.
          Supported techniques:

          Angular dispersion X-ray diffraction

          Radial X-ray diffraction

          Rapid compression

          High pressure Raman spectrum

          X-ray Energy Range: 10-25 keV

          Energy Resolution (ΔE/E): 7×10-4@ 20keV

          Flux (photons/sec): 1.2×109@ 20keV

          Beam Size: 26μm×8μm (H×V)

  • 4B7A-Medium Energy X-ray Beamline

          4B7A is a Medium Energy Beamline and locates at No.12 experimental hall. It is a bending magnet end station dedicated to medium-energy XAFS spectroscopy.It mainly consists of high vacuum measurement chamber, low vacuum measurement chamber, He gas environment measurement room, Transfer chamber, sample pretreatment device and MBE device. Usually two types of detection modes are in use for measuring XAFS of elements: partial fluorescence yield (PFY) and total electron yield (TEY) . The energy range of this beamline is from 1.7keV to 5.8keV ,which covers the K-edge elements Si, P, S, Cl, Ar, K,Ca ,Ti and L-edge of of the rare earth elements. All of these elements play important roles in the fields of geoscience mcircumstance science, circumstance science and bioscience, and the clear understanding and comprehension about the nature of the substances formed by these elements are the key ones related to our national economic and social development.This beamline runs not only in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation but also in the parasitic mode.
          Supported techniques:
          Mid-energy X-ray spectroscopy
          Optical metrology
          Environment science
          X-ray metrology
          Beamline equipments
          13 element fluorescence detector
          Cryogenic equipment
          On-line annealing device
          Beamline Specs
          Source BM
          Monochromator Type Si (111), InSb(111)
          Energy Range 2050-5800 eV, 1700-3400 eV
          Flux (photons/sec) 1010@ S K edge
          Resolution (E/ΔE) 7000
          Beam Size (HxV) 3mm×1mm

  • 4B7B-Soft X-ray Beamline

          4B7B is a soft X-ray optics beamline and locates at No.12 experimental hall. It is a soft X-ray beamline and applied to X-ray absorption spectroscopy(XANES) and detector calibration.
          Supported techniques:
          Soft X-ray spectroscopy
          X-ray magnetic circular dichroism
          Optical metrology
          X-ray metrology
          Beamline equipments:
          Fluorescence detector
          Cryogenic equipment
          Magnetic field device
          Beamline Specs:
          Source BM
          Energy Range 50-1700 eV
          Flux (photons/sec) 1010@ Fe L edge
          Resolution (E/ΔE) 1000
          Beam Size (H×V) Conducting sample 1mm×0.1mm nonconducting sample 4mm×2mm

  • 4B8-Vacuum Ultraviolet Beamline

          4B8 is a vacuum ultraviolet beamline ,with source Wavelength Range 125-360 nm, runs not only in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation but also in the parasitic mode. Additionally, this beamline has realized long-range control for fluorescence spectrum experiment and users don’t need to come to BSRF. Supported techniques: Steady-state Fluorescence spectrum; Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism; Photocurrent and temporal photoresponse of devices to VUV light; Transmission spectrum.

  • 4B9A-X-ray Diffraction Beamline

          4B9A is a X-ray diffraction beamline and locates at No.12 experimental hall. The XRD experimental station at the end in beamline 4B9A may develop the research of material science , mult-layer fim science, supperlattice science, geological science , etc. This beamline could run both in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation and in the parasitic mode.
          Supported techniques:
          Powder XRD
          High Temperature XRD
          Low Temperature XRD
          Mythen Detector XRD
          Materials science
          Mult-layer fim science
          supperlattice science
          Geological science
          Beamline equipments
          Huber5020 six-circle diffractometer
          Detector: Mythen detector, Ce-scintillator detector, Lytle fluorescence ionization chambe
          Anton Paar in-sit high temperature furnace and low temperature furnace
          Beamline Specs
          Source BM
          Monochromator Type Si (111)
          Energy range 4-15 keV
          Flux (photons/sec) 1010 @ 8 keV
          Resolution(ΔE/E) 3×10-4
          Beam Size (H×V) 2mm×1mm
          Angular resolution 0.9arc-second

  • 4B9B Photoemission Spectroscopy Beamline

          4B9B is a Photoemission Spectroscopy beamline and locates at No.12 experimental hall. This beamline runs not only in the dedicated mode of synchrotron radiation but also in the parasitic mode. It is composed of eight chambers each with its own distinctive functionality. The radial distribution chamber is the center of the endstation, with a function of distributing sample between the chambers around it under ultrahigh vacuum condition. The analysis chamber made of metal will be equipped with electron analyzer of 2D MCP-CCD detector, MCP-LEED, X-ray Al/Mg cathode gun, VUV light source, and low temperature sample manipulator. The STM chamber is with varied temperature ability. The sample preparation chamber has high temperature, >1500K, annihilation ability. Laser-MBE and MBE both aimed at layer-by-layer thin film growth of complex oxide systems and simple metal systems, respectively.
          Beamline Specs
          Source BM
          Energy range 15-1000 eV
          Flux (photons/sec) >1×1010
          Resolution(E/ΔE) ~1500
          Beam Size (HxV) <2mm×0.8mm